Sketching is an exercise in drawing a rough outline or rough design of a finished work of art. Drawing a sketch can serve as preparation for a large piece of art, or simply to understand the appearance of something. Whether you want to sketch for fun or for a project, you can do it more comfortably if you learn the right technique.
Part 1 of 2: Learning the Basics
Step 1. Buy the right tools
As with any art, sketching with inferior tools is a difficult thing to do, even taboo. You can find the right sketching tools at your local art or craft store. Without spending a lot of money, you can already buy good tools, including:
- H pencil. The H pencil is the hardest pencil and is used to create thin, straight lines, and non-blend lines in sketches. This pencil is most often used in architectural sketches and business sketches. Purchase several types of H pencils, including 6H, 4H, and 2H (6H is the hardest, 2H is the softest).
- B pencil. B pencil is the softest of pencils, and is used to create brushed or blurred lines and to shade your sketches. This type of pencil is the favorite of many artists. Purchase a variety of B pencils, including 6B, 4B, and 2B (6B is the softest, 2B is the hardest).
- Fine Art Paper. Sketching on plain paper is easy, but plain paper is thin and doesn't hold a pencil well. Use Fine Art paper, which has less texture, so that you have the easiest drawing experience and get the best overall drawing results.
Step 2. Select the object
For beginners, the easiest way is to draw a sketch of a model or figure that exists in the real world, rather than using your imagination to create an image. Find a person you like, or find objects or people around you to draw. Study the object for a few minutes before you start sketching it. Pay attention to these things:
- Find a light source. The placement of the main light source will determine where you draw the lightest and where you draw the thickest.
- Pay attention to the movements. Whether the actual motion of a living object or the pseudo-motion of a figure, determining the motion of your object will determine the shape or direction you make the lines you draw.
- Observe the primary forms. Each object consists of a combination of basic shapes (square, circle, triangle, etc.). Define the shapes that underlie your object, then create those shapes first on your sketch.
Step 3. Don't draw too hard
The sketch serves as the basis or outline for the drawing. So when you start to sketch, move your hands lightly and quickly to make short lines. This way, it will be easier for you to test different ways of sketching certain objects as well as clearing mistakes.
Step 4. Try a quick drawing
Quick drawing is sketching endlessly and with unbroken lines to draw your objects, without ever checking your paper. As difficult as it sounds, quick drawing will allow you to understand the basic shapes in your drawing, and lay the groundwork for your final drawing. When you draw fast, you just stare at your object and move your hand across the paper. As much as possible do not lift your pencil and do not make overlapping lines. You can check it and remove unnecessary lines and fine-tune your sketch later.
Quick drawing will have a good impact on your sketch work
Part 2 of 2: Practice Sketching
Step 1. Gather all the tools already mentioned
Make sure the lighting around you is bright enough. You can draw a sketch at a table, in a park, or in the middle of a city. You can use a sketchbook, plain paper, or even paper napkins.
You may want to try drawing the same object with several versions to consider and decide which version you like best
Step 2. Before you start drawing, practice some hand movements
For example, you can draw circles or horizontal lines for five to ten minutes to warm up your hands.
Step 3. Start with an H pencil, draw thin lines with light grips
Move your hands very quickly, using as little pressure as possible, like grazing paper without stopping. Familiarize yourself with the paper you are using until you are comfortable. At this early stage, the lines you create are almost invisible. Think of this as the basis for your sketch.
Step 4. For the next step, use a 6B pencil
When you've got the perfect shape in Step 3, you can define your lines with the 6B pencil. Add details. Start adding shapes in it. Make sure the scale for the shapes is correct. For example, when drawing a parking lot, you want to make sure the driveway and parking lot are the right size.
- After using this pencil, there will be some rubbing stains on your paper because this pencil is softer than the previous pencil. Remove all rubbing stains with an eraser.
- Make sure you use a soft eraser such as a pulverizer so that your eraser doesn't rip the top layer of paper. Ulcer eraser will thin out your lines and not actually remove them.
Step 5. Keep adding details and perfecting the overall lines and sketches until you are satisfied that you have represented the object perfectly
Step 6. When your sketch is complete, use a fixative to immortalize the sketch
- Sharpen your pencil. Sharp pencils are great for drawing fine details.
- You can check your sketch to darken some points as shadows or highlights.
- Practice. Try drawing sketches of different things. Don't worry about whether your sketch looks good or not, especially at first. Don't be afraid to experiment or just doodle.
- Do not rush. Short, thin lines will result in a neat, scaled sketch.
- Make yourself comfortable. Sit in a good position so you can draw longer.
- Thickening your sketch with a drawing pen, dark marker, or dark colored pencil can make your sketch look real, even if the object is false. We usually thicken the sketch with a thin black brushpen or a regular black brushpen.
- To enhance your sketch, try adding light lines from some light colored pencils.
- Let your image manifest itself and don't force it!
- Uli eraser is good for erasing small dots.
- If you want to save your sketch on your computer, try using a scanner.
- Keep the object in a position you can see comfortably. Your activities become easier.
- Always hold the rubber eraser. It looks very artistic when you use your fingers to gently rub certain parts of your sketch to create texture. Good luck with your sketch!
- Soft pencils easily smudge. When you're not using them, store these pencils in a plastic case or bag to protect your belongings.
- Drawing in poorly lit places can tire your eyes. Make sure you draw in a place with sufficient lighting and area.