Clay (clay-like material, also known as Play-Doh / Playdough / plasticine) can be made easily at home and on a low budget. Homemade clay can also be a great craft idea for kids. This article will show you simple ways to make your own clay using ingredients you have in your kitchen, along with the shapes you can make with it.
Method 1 of 2: Making Your Own Clay
Step 1. Prepare the ingredients
Preheat the oven to 170°C. Then, prepare the following ingredients:
- 1 1/4 cups wheat flour
- 1 1/4 cups salt
- 1 tbsp. cream of tartar
- 3/4 cup warm water
- 1 tbsp. cooking oil
Step 2. Mix the ingredients
Pour the flour, salt and cream of tartar into a bowl. Use a spoon to mix all the ingredients well.
As a variation of this recipe, you can cook the dough in a saucepan. To do this, mix all of the above ingredients in a saucepan instead of a bowl
Step 3. Add a little warm water
Pour a little warm water into a bowl and stir the mixture with a spoon. The dough will start to clump when you stir it.
As a variation on the recipe, add water and oil to a saucepan. Turn on the stove over low heat, then cook and stir the mixture until it thickens. You will need a few minutes
Step 4. Keep pouring water little by little
Pour in the water while kneading the dough. Soon these ingredients will form a sticky dough.
Many factors will affect the consistency of the clay, such as humidity and the type and brand of flour you use. If the clay is too runny, add a little flour. If it's too sticky, add a little flour. If it is too dry and forms chips, add a little water. Add flour or water little by little and knead the dough for a while. Repeat the process until the clay reaches the right consistency
Step 5. Add oil
Once the clay is too hard to stir, add cooking oil to make it softer. Do not add too much oil as this will affect the consistency of the dough and make it difficult to shape.
Add a few drops of food coloring to make the clay more attractive. You can also separate the clay into pieces and color them in different colors. Mix the colors into the dough by hand. At first the dye will appear streaky, but over time it will spread evenly
Step 6. Knead the dough
Once the dough is smooth, sprinkle a little flour onto a cutting board or table surface. Knead the dough on a cutting board until the consistency is soft and elastic.
- You can also use a rolling pin to flatten it out.
- In the cooked variation of the recipe, you can knead the dough and add food coloring in the pan. Just make sure the dough is cool before starting to knead, so you don't burn your hands.
Step 7. Make the shapes you want
After the dough is kneaded, shape the clay into different objects. If you divide the clay into sections and color them with different dyes, shape them into the objects you want and then combine them with each other to make more complex objects.
- Use a toothpick to punch holes in the clay. You can make the eyes, nose, and other parts.
- Use a cookie cutter to make different shapes, or use a cookie cutter to shape clay.
- Sprinkle some glitter on the molded clay and press the glitter gently so that it sticks firmly before the clay is baked.
- Take a keychain, then press the end of the chain into the object you made out of clay. Add clay to cover the ends of the chain so that the hanger is firmly attached.
Step 8. Bake clay
Place the clay on the baking sheet. Make sure they don't stick together so the clay doesn't stick together. Place the baking sheet filled with clay into the oven. Bake for 20 minutes or until the dough looks nice and firm. Remove the clay from the oven and let it cool completely.
Since the clay you are making is basically dough, you can bake it in the oven until it is really firm. Keep an eye on the clay so it doesn't burn. This baking process will make the clay last for years
Step 9. Decorate the clay
Use poster paint, glitter glue, and other fun craft tools to color and decorate the things you've already made. You can add a coat of clear varnish after the paint dries. The varnish will make the clay look shiny.
Method 2 of 2: Making Clay Without Baking
Step 1. Prepare the ingredients
For this no-bake clay recipe, you will need these ingredients:
- 2 cups baking soda
- 1 cup water
- 1 cup cornstarch flour (e.g. Maizena brand)
Step 2. Mix the ingredients
Combine the baking soda and cornstarch in a saucepan. Add water little by little into the dough. Keep stirring the mixture while it is heated on the stove over medium heat. You need 4-5 minutes.
The dough will thicken quickly. After the consistency is the same as playdough, it means the clay is cooked
Step 3. Remove from the stove
Once the dough has reached the right consistency, remove the pan from the heat and transfer the dough to a clean surface. Cover with a cloth until cool.
- Use a spatula to remove the batter from the pan.
- After the dough begins to cool, knead it until it is soft and smooth. You can also use a rolling pin.
Step 4. Try alternative recipes without baking and cooking in the pan
If you prefer a variation of making clay that doesn't require baking or cooking, just use this recipe:
- Prepare the ingredients in the form of: 3/4 cup flour, 1/2 cup salt, and 1/2 cup corn starch flour.
- Mix the ingredients in a bowl. Add warm water little by little until the clay mixture starts to thicken.
- Sprinkle flour onto a clean cutting board or table surface, then place the clay on it. Knead the clay.
Step 5. Shape the clay into the object you want
Clay should be easy to work into different shapes. If the clay gets too hard, just add a little water. Let the clay that has been formed overnight before coloring.
- Paint things out of clay using acrylic paint or another type of craft paint. Add glitter, accents, or other craft accessories to the objects and shapes you create.
- To change the color of the clay, add food coloring. Separate the clay into parts to make dough of different colors.
- Once the paint dries, you can add a clear sealing coat such as lacquer, acrylic spray, or clear nail polish.
- This homemade clay is completely non-toxic, making it perfect for crafting by small children.
- Don't add too much oil as it will make the dough too soft and greasy.
- Store the remaining clay in an airtight container and place it in the refrigerator.
- If you don't add salt, the clay will mold and rot.
- Do not throw away the remaining clay. Get creative and use the existing clay.