Eczema is a disease that causes dry, red, and itchy patches on the skin. Fortunately, mild eczema is relatively easy to treat. If you find patches of eczema on your face, this problem can usually be resolved by frequently applying moisturizing lotion. However, if that doesn't work, you should see a doctor. Ask if your doctor can prescribe a steroid cream that can get rid of the rash on the skin. In addition, if you like, there are also a variety of home remedies that can relieve eczema symptoms.
Method 1 of 3: Treating Mild Eczema
Step 1. Know the diagnosis of the type of eczema
Eczema is a broad term that encompasses a variety of different (though related) skin conditions. Eczema is also known as atopic dermatitis. Physical symptoms of all types of eczema are skin that tends to be dry, red, and itchy. As a result, the diagnosis of this disease is difficult to establish. Meanwhile, some types of eczema are caused by allergies, immune system disorders, or washing the skin too often.
- Monitoring eczema symptoms and paying attention to their triggers will help. Try keeping a diary of the foods you eat, your skin care routine, and environmental factors that seem to be contributing to your eczema.
- See a doctor and explain the symptoms of eczema, including how long your rash has been going on, and whether there are any specific causes that are making the problem worse.
- Eczema is an inherited disease and is associated with asthma, allergies, and elevated levels of immunoglobulins in the blood.
Step 2. Avoid environmental factors that aggravate eczema
In many cases, eczema can be caused by environmental factors. For example, seasonal allergies trigger eczema, as well as food allergies and extremes of heat or cold. If you can determine which factors trigger eczema, try to avoid them as much as possible.
Many of these environmental factors can only be known through repeated experience. So, if you realize that eczema will appear after consuming dairy products, reduce the consumption of these products
Step 3. Use a moisturizing facial lotion several times a day
You can use this lotion either after or before taking a shower. If you're afraid you'll forget to apply lotion, try setting a reminder alarm or making a schedule for applying lotion in a notebook. Use this lotion as often as possible, maybe every hour (or even half an hour).
If in doubt about choosing the most effective lotion, ask your doctor for advice. Lotion brands like Cetaphil, Eucerin, and Aveeno tend to be quite effective. Look for lotions that contain petroleum jelly and mineral oil and avoid lotions that contain added fragrances
Step 4. Take a slightly warm bath every day
Skin with eczema is very dry, and the main goal of the treatment is to moisturize the skin. Wetting your face with slightly warm water is a great way to start the moisturizing process. Avoid bathing several times a day because it can actually make your skin drier.
If you are not comfortable bathing in slightly warm water, you can use slightly hotter water. However, do not use hot water for bathing as it will dry out your skin
Step 5. Moisturize your face after showering
Use facial lotion within 3 minutes after showering. If you don't moisturize immediately after showering, you run the risk of drying out your skin even more, making eczema worse.
Step 6. Use a mild facial soap when bathing
Facial skin is more sensitive and softer than other areas of the body, and is more easily irritated. If you have eczema on your face, try switching to a milder soap than usual. There are many soap brands that offer a choice of mild or protective soaps. Look for soaps labeled "gentle" or mild the next time you shop.
Avoid soaps that contain harsh, abrasive ingredients such as triclosan, propylene glycol, sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), and most fragrances
Step 7. Don't scratch the eczema
Although it can be very itchy at times, you shouldn't scratch the eczema patches. Scratching can irritate the skin further and make eczema worse. Scratching the itchy area can also open the eczema and ooze fluid.
Try applying a moisturizing lotion when the eczema itch
Step 8. Apply hydrocortisone cream to the eczema
If your eczema is mild enough, you will most likely be able to treat it with 1% hydrocortisone cream. This cream can be purchased at any pharmacy or drug store. Dispense about 1 cm of cream onto your fingertips and then apply it to the rash. Allow the cream to fully absorb.
Mild eczema will not open or leak fluid. The size is also relatively small, less than about 5 cm
Method 2 of 3: Treat Moderate to Severe Eczema with Medical Treatment
Step 1. Ask your doctor for a prescription for a topical cream to treat stubborn eczema
If showering and moisturizing your skin with lotion alone don't work for your eczema, you may need a stronger cream. Doctors generally prescribe steroids, skin protection creams, or various inhibitors to treat stubborn eczema. Just like other prescription drugs, follow the frequency of use recommended by the doctor.
- This medicated cream cannot be purchased without a doctor's prescription. You should make an appointment with your doctor and explain the symptoms of eczema. Ask if your doctor can prescribe a topical medicated cream.
- Avoid using high-potency topical steroids for more than 2 weeks because they can cause skin atrophy. Also, don't apply high potency steroid medication to the face and groin area.
- Use topical tacrolimus if topical steroid medications are not effective. This drug is not at risk of causing skin atrophy or other side effects associated with steroids.
- Try Crisaborole, a new topical nonsteroidal drug for moderate to severe eczema.
Step 2. Use systemic steroids for more severe cases of eczema
If your eczema is getting worse, has frequent discharge, is unbearable, or covers large areas of your face, ask your doctor for a prescription for a systemic medication. In some cases, moderate to severe eczema can be caused by an underlying disease of the immune system, which causes skin irritation and eczema on the face.
Systemic steroid drugs are generally taken orally or injected into the body, and are used for a relatively short time
Step 3. Ask your doctor for phototherapy treatments
Some cases of severe eczema can be treated with ultraviolet B (UVB) light therapy. This light will reduce inflammation and swelling and stimulate the production of B vitamins by the skin. If you think this treatment can help with your eczema, your doctor will provide phototherapy with a machine at his or her clinic.
If your general practitioner does not have a phototherapy machine, ask for a referral to a dermatologist who has one
Method 3 of 3: Relieve Eczema Symptoms with Natural Treatments
Step 1. Put salt in the water then use it to soak your face
If bathing in plain tap water doesn't help reduce itchy symptoms from eczema, try adding Epsom salt. You can also try using Himalayan salt instead of Epsom salt. Add enough salt, about 1/2 cup (120 ml). After that, soak for 30 minutes. After that, dip your face until it is submerged in the water. That way, the salt can stick to the eczema on the face.
- Or, if you don't like soaking your face in water, try sprinkling salt water on your face.
- If salt doesn't help, try adding 10 drops of an essential oil like lavender or chamomile to the water.
Step 2. Apply tea tree oil to the eczema
Tea tree oil is a powerful ingredient for relieving sore or itchy symptoms. While it can't cure or get rid of eczema, it can temporarily relieve the discomfort.
- You can buy bottled tea tree oil at most natural grocery stores or the organics area of most grocery stores.
- This oil is sometimes sold in a spray bottle so it is easy to apply on the skin.
Step 3. Apply vitamin E oil to the eczema on the face
Vitamin E can also relieve the uncomfortable symptoms of mild eczema. Go to a natural grocery store or pharmacy, and look for vitamin E that contains D-alpha tocopherol. Apply a small amount of this oil to your fingertips and then smooth it over the areas of the skin affected by eczema.