Chess opening moves have a crucial role to play in setting the game. Even though the player with the white fruit always moves first, you can still develop a good strategy and defense when playing the black fruit. There are several opening moves that you can apply after the white player moves. However, the Sicilian Defense and the French Defense are often considered the strongest attacking strategies. If you want to implement a defensive strategy, use the Nimzo Defense strategy to protect your king.
The chess opening moves below follow only general game strategy and do not include variations. Therefore, your opponent may make moves that are different from what is listed below, so you will have to change your strategy.
Method 1 of 3: Defense of Sicily
Step 1. Move the c5 black pawn to dominate the d4 tile
When starting the game, white players will generally move the white pawn to e4 to dominate the center of the board. Select the black pawn that is on the c7 tile and then move it to c5. By doing this, you can eat white chess pieces that are in squares b4 or d4 so that your opponent can't place other white pieces in the middle of the game.
Generally, the white player will move the white horse from tile g1 to f3. This is done to protect the d4 and e5 tiles
Step 2. Place the black pawns d7 to d6 to protect the center area of the game
After the white player makes the second move, move the black pawn from d7 to d6. You can protect the first black pawn and the e5 tile in the center area of the game board. By doing this, your opponent cannot control the center of the game without sacrificing one of his chess pieces.
Generally, your opponent will move the white pawn from d2 to d4 to occupy the 2 squares in the middle of the board
Moving black pawns to tiles c5 and d4 will create a diagonal barrier on your queen's side. This can help build defenses and limit the movement of opponents on that flank.
Step 3. Use the black pawn c5 to eat the white pawn d4
Move the black pawn from c5 to the white pawn on the d4 square to eat it. Even though your pawns are now in danger, you and your opponent have equal power in the center area of the board.
Opponents will generally use the white horse to eat the black pawn you just moved. This is done to regain control of the center of the board
Step 4. Move the dark horse from the g8 to f6 tile to hit the center area of the game
Select the dark horse on the g8 tile and move it to f6. With the black horse in the tile, you can hit the white pawn on the e4 tile and the empty d5 tile.
The opponent will try to protect the white pawn by moving the white horse from b1 to tile c3. By doing this, if you eat your opponent's pawn, your opponent can eat your horse
Step 5. Move the dark horse from b8 to tile c6 to force the opponent to attack
Move the dark horse from b8 to c6 so you can access the center area of the board. When in this position, the opponent may eat the dark horse. However, the opponent's white horse will be at risk of being eaten by your black pawn.
- You can also move black pawns from a7 to a6 to help protect your king.
- You can also move the black pawn from g7 to g6 so that the black elephant f8 can be moved from the first row. By doing this you can castrate on the black king's side.
Method 2 of 3: French Defense
Step 1. Start by moving the black pawn to tile e6
When your opponent opens the game by moving the white pawn to the e4 tile, move the black pawn from e7 to e6. By doing this, your black elephant can get out of the back row. In addition, you will also protect the d5 tile so that your opponent will not place his chess pieces in that tile.
Your opponent will try to control the center area by moving the white pawn from d2 to d4
Step 2. Move d7's black pawn to d5's tile to dominate the center area
Move the black pawn d7 to the d5 square so that it is directly in front of the opponent's pawn. By doing this, you will dominate the middle area of the game and have the opportunity to eat white pawns at e4.
- Opponents may try to protect the pawn and move it to tile e5.
- The black pawn on the e6 tile will protect the black pawn on d5 so the opponent probably won't eat it.
The black elephant in f8 will also gain a long diagonal path that can be used to protect the right side of your playing area.
Step 3. Place the black pawn on c5 to suppress the opponent
Move the black pawn from c7 to tile c5. By doing this, you have the opportunity to eat the white pawns that are on the d4 tile. In addition, you will also get a solid defensive wall in the right area of the game so that it is difficult for your opponent to attack.
Opponents will generally move the white horse to the f3 tile to protect white pawns that are in danger
Step 4. Move the dark horse from b8 to c6
Move your horse that is on the b8 to c6 tile so that it is behind the pawn. Once in position, you can eat one of your opponent's white pawns in the middle of the game. Although there are several black pawns in the middle area of the game, your dark horse will also squeeze some squares around it.
As additional protection, the opponent will move the white pawn from c2 to c3 to protect the center of the game
Step 5. Move the black queen to b6 so you can start attacking
You have several movement options after moving the horse. However, one of the strongest options is to move the black queen to b6. Your queen will suppress the white pawn on tile b2 and protect the black pawn on tile c5.
Don't eat the white pawn in b2 when it's your turn. The opposing elephant can eat your queen easily
Method 3 of 3: Nimzo-Indian Defense
Step 1. Move the black pawn from e7 to e6
If the opponent opens the game by moving the white pawn from d2 to d4, move the black pawn that is on e7 to e6. This move will prevent your opponent from moving their pawns forward because you can easily eat them. This move will also open up space for the black elephant in the f8 tile so he can get out of the back row.
Opponents may move white pawns from tile c2 to c4 to protect d5
Step 2. Move the dark horse from g8 to f6
Move the black horse from the g8 to f6 tile so that it is next to the black pawn you moved earlier. The horse will help protect the d5 tile so that your opponent's pawns can't move to that tile. In addition, the horse can also access the left area of the game so that the opponent cannot attack easily.
The opponent will generally move the white horse from b1 to c3
Step 3. Move the black elephant from f8 to b4 to trap the opponent's horse
Move the black elephant from square f8 to b4 diagonally so that it is next to your opponent's pawn. The opponent can't move the horse because you can easily eat the king.
Your opponent may move his queen to tile e2 so he can eat your elephant if you decide to eat your opponent's horse
Step 4. Cast your king's side to build defenses
Move the black rook from the h8 to the f8 tile, and place the black king on the g8 tile. By doing this, your king will be protected by rows of pawns and black rooks. Continue to protect your king in the area throughout the game so your opponent can't attack him easily.
How many types of chess openings are there?
There are more than 100 chess opening moves and tactics. However, you don't need to memorize everything. To have a good repertoire, memorize at least 15 to 20 opening moves, either black or white. In addition, you must also learn the correct response to each opening move. By doing this, if your opponent opens the game by mastering tile e5, Applying Sicilian Defense, Ilya Kan, or France, you can respond well.
Which Sicilian defense is the best?
One of the best Sicilian Defenses is Najdorf. Najdorf is often used by high-level players as this defense has never been beaten. Taimanov's Sicilian defense is also quite good. However, beginners should not use this defense as it is very complicated to implement. If you're just starting out, it's a good idea to use a defense that doesn't require too much variety. This is because you will be overwhelmed when these complex defenses begin to form.
Is white better than black?
According to statistics, white is the better choice because you will start the game first. You will benefit after making 10-15 moves. However, I prefer black because the opponent's strategy can be seen before I start moving.