Determining the right way of skin care can be quite confusing, because of the many suggestions, advice, products, and tips about skin care around us. This guide will provide a step-by-step outline of simple skincare and discuss the best products to use. While this guide is best suited for oily/acne-prone skin, you can adapt it for dry or combination skin. Start by reading step 1 below.
Step 1. Resist the urge to touch your face
This step is very important. So much bacteria can be transferred from hands to face by touch. Dust and dirt can get trapped in the pores, and cause annoying breakouts. If you must touch your face, be sure to wash your hands first with soap and warm water. Or another option, use a special facial tissue. Oil-absorbing wipes can also be used, as long as they are used only once, or the dirt and oil that has been trapped will move back to the face, and this is not very beneficial for your skin.
Step 2. Determine your skin type, and buy suitable skin care products
This step is also very important. There is not much benefit to be gained from the wrong skin care products. In addition, the wrong product can even worsen the skin condition. You should also consider specific skin problems, such as acne.
- Normal skin. Normal skin conditions are quite smooth and supple to the touch, with small to medium pore sizes. Normal skin is not too oily or dry, and does not often break out. Normal skinned people should moisturize, cleanse, provide a dark spot treatment, and maybe even a nighttime treatment.
- Dry skin. Your skin is dry if it feels very tight and looks cracked. Dry skin can be caused by a lack of water or nutrition. Dry skin may feel rough and bumpy, and is rarely oily. People with dry skin should apply deep moisturizing treatments, dark spot treatments, and night moisturizers.
- Oily skin. This skin type is easy to spot. Your skin is oily if it looks shiny, and slightly wet to the touch. Oily skin has large pores and looks more defined, and acne prone. You should refresh oily skin, exfoliate, treat dark spots, and apply light moisturizer every now and then.
- Combination skin. This skin type is a combination of all skin types. You have combination skin if you tend to be oily around your nose, chin and forehead, but dry around your cheeks. Other areas of skin may be normal. Many people have combination skin. If you are one of them, provide an exfoliating, cleansing, moisturizing, and dark spot treatment.
- Sensitive skin. Your skin is sensitive if it burns easily, reacts to certain cosmetics, and gets irritated when weather conditions change drastically. Sensitive skin is very difficult to treat because it is more vulnerable than other skin types. You should test all products before buying them, and acne on sensitive skin is very difficult to treat. Use moisturizers, cleansers, and special care for sensitive skin if this is the case.
Step 3. Never squeeze, pick, or pop a pimple, no matter how much you want to do it
In addition to being painful and making it look worse, the scars it leaves may form scars. This action has absolutely no benefit for your skin, and will only make the condition worse.
Step 4. If you don't have one, buy a cleanser, toner, moisturizer, exfoliating product, facial cotton, and a face mask
- Unless you have acne on your face most of the time, products like Clean & Clear, Oxy, or Clearasil are not recommended, as they are too harsh and can strip the skin of its natural oils, leaving it feeling dry and uncomfortable. So, choose a cleanser that is moisturizing enough for your skin.
- Choose a gentle cleansing product or specifically for sensitive skin to remove excess oil, nourish, and cleanse the skin that does not contain harsh chemicals. If your skin feels tight, dry, or sore after cleansing, switch from a harsh cleanser to a gentler cleanser. NOTE: "natural" ingredients are not always better for skin care, as they can still cause irritation.
Step 5. Cleanse, refresh, and moisturize the skin 2 times a day, in the morning before putting on makeup, and in the evening just before going to bed
This way, once it's cleared of pore-clogging dirt or makeup, your skin can breathe and recover overnight. Cleaning your skin is easiest in the shower, as you'll find it easier to rinse off. Here's how to clean your face by washing it:
- First of all, wash your hands so that the bacteria there don't transfer to your face.
- Wet the skin with warm water to open the pores. Pour facial cleanser and massage upwards in a circular motion on the surface of the skin. Some products will give the best results if left for about 1 minute to dissolve dirt and makeup residue, and into the pores. Continue by continuing to massage the facial cleansing soap while waiting.
- After that, remove with a cotton swab, sponge, or rinse with warm water until completely clean. Don't leave any cleanser left on your face, as it can cause irritation, dark spots, and skin problems.
- Finish by rinsing your face using cold water to close the pores so that dirt does not re-enter and prevent acne. Rinsing with cold water will also reduce facial redness and make you look fresher.
- Dry your face by patting on a tissue or clean towel. Dirty towels can carry bacteria, causing skin problems.
Step 6. A few minutes after cleaning, wipe the freshener with a cotton swab
Toner works to restore the skin's natural pH that may change during cleansing. Restoring the skin's natural pH will make the skin stronger against bacterial and microorganism attacks. Various types of toners are available in the market, some are only able to restore the skin's natural pH, but some can also kill bacteria or fade blemishes on the skin. Look for the one that best suits your skin condition. Toner is most beneficial for people with oily skin. If your skin is not oily, look for a special toner for sensitive skin. Here's how to use it.
- Pour a little toner on a cotton pad and wipe it all over the face. However, avoid the area around the eyes.
- Let. No need to rinse it off!
Step 7. Moisturize your face using a moisturizer that suits your skin condition
This step is very important for people with dry skin, but also should not be ignored, even if you have oily skin. There are many moisturizing products to choose from, such as gels (best for oily/acne-prone skin), creams (best for dry/sensitive skin), and serums (best for normal/oily skin). Some moisturizers contain anti-acne, anti-wrinkle, and skin-tanning ingredients, and some contain only moisturizers.
- Once the toner is dry, apply a little moisturizer. Gently massage in circular motions to your face and neck.
- If you don't use enough moisturizer, and your skin still feels tight, add more moisturizer. If your skin feels oily after moisturizing, pat a tissue to remove some of the moisturizer from your face.
- Some people also like to use a separate moisturizer specifically for the area around the eyes which is useful to prevent aging or swelling.
Step 8. Exfoliate your skin with a special skin cleanser once or twice a week
Make sure to use a product that isn't too harsh or feels like sandpaper on your skin. This treatment is very important to remove dead skin cells that can make the face look dull and clog pores.
- Remove makeup first, then massage the exfoliating agent in a circular motion for half a minute. Apply gently, not too hard. You only need to remove dead skin cells, not all layers of the face!
- Soak a washcloth in warm water and run it in circular motions over your face if you're using it to exfoliate.
- Make sure to rub it into the pores of the nose that are often clogged and blackheads.
Step 9. Use the mask regularly
Again, there are many masks to choose from, exfoliating masks are perfect for acne-prone skin, while moisturizing masks are perfect for dry skin. Masks can be an important part of your skin care. So why not all enjoy it for relaxation?
- Use a soft and quality mask, and if you can natural it once a week or less (the frequency of using the mask more often will make you wash your face too often, and make it problematic).
- You can also make your own face masks if you want to save money or try natural facial treatments.
- For best results, apply the mask according to the instructions on the package, on clean, warm skin, then rinse with cold water. Do not leave the mask on for longer than the recommended time (generally around 15 minutes).
Step 10. Continue skin care
It takes time for your skin to get used to the frequency of treatments and products used. Sometimes, the first thing that appears is a negative effect, but usually it will disappear once the skin gets used to it.
Step 11. Warning:
If your skin condition doesn't improve after some time (about 1 month), you may need to try different products to get different/better results.
- Drink lots of water. Meeting the needs of body fluids means also meeting the needs of skin fluids.
- Get used to a healthy diet. Nutrients that are put into the body will appear from the outside.
- Change pillowcases regularly to prevent bacteria build-up.
- Enough sleep. Experts recommend getting 7-8 hours of sleep every night. A good night's sleep without a lot of disturbance takes a toll on your skin. Teenagers may need at least 9 hours or even 10 hours of sleep, because the body's growth rate is fastest during puberty.
- Never go to bed with your make-up on. Have a wet tissue handy, so if you're too tired to wash your face, you can just wipe it off. Make sure to use wet wipes that match your face, or they won't be effective, and leave your skin feeling dry and cracked.
- If your skin is very dry, buy an exfoliating scrub that's not too harsh, and try to exfoliate 1-2 times a week.
- To treat puffy eyes, stick a cold cucumber slice, an old tea bag that has been refrigerated, or a cold gel mask.
- Smoking, drinking alcoholic beverages, and using drugs can greatly affect the skin, resulting in premature aging, discoloration, and dry skin conditions. Healthy glowing skin is the result of a healthy diet and lifestyle, as well as good skin care.
- Open the room window. Living in a tight and dry room is not good for the skin. Open the windows and let the fresh air in.
- Use sunscreen every day, even if the weather outside is cloudy, cold, or even raining heavily. Look for a moisturizer that contains SPF, so you can easily apply sunscreen. Years of exposure to UV rays can trigger premature aging. Buy an oil-free sunscreen, so it doesn't clog pores.
- Don't sleep in a hot room. Your body will sweat profusely and appear puffy, maybe freckled.
- Never apply an allergen or irritant to your skin.
- Run a humidifier indoors during the dry season. This tool is beneficial for your health and skin condition.