Preparing the soil for growing vegetables means creating an environment that supports plant growth. This process is specific and time consuming, but important for soil health. If you want to learn how to prepare soil for a vegetable garden, consider the suggestions below.
Step 1. Understand that preparing the soil for optimal gardening takes years
However, you don't have to wait two years to start planting. There are several steps you can take to create a vegetable garden.
Step 2. Start by digging up the area you are going to make a vegetable garden
Make a boundary first, then dig the soil inside the boundary. Remove the grassy topsoil with a shovel. If the area is not grassy, remove weeds, rocks and debris.
Step 3. Examine the soil to learn its condition
Too much sand makes the soil dry and too much clay will make the soil wet. For your garden to be healthy, the soil should consist of the right combination of soil, sand and loam. You can send a soil sample to your local soil research center and have them analyze it.
Step 4. Plow with a shovel or rototiller (mini plow)
The threshing process will break down and prepare the soil for growing vegetables. Peel the soil to a depth of 30 cm. This process is faster to do using a mini plow than by hand (manual). Remove rocks and debris while shaving.
Step 5. Mix the fertilizer into the soil
Choose compost, humus, or animal manure. Place the fertilizer bag at a certain distance on top of the mowed soil. Open the bag and spill the contents. Spread the fertilizer onto the surface of the area using a rake. Immerse the compost into the soil that has been mowed to a depth of at least 15 cm using a shovel, then loosen the soil.
Step 6. Add flower soil or humus to the surface of the garden area
This process is similar to adding compost. A good soil flower will help the plant grow while your land is still in preparation for future planting.
Step 7. Let the tilled soil sit for a few days before starting to plant
You can loosen it again, but this process is not necessary if you have previously sanded the soil well.
Step 8. Ideally, you should start preparing the soil with compost two seasons before the growing season
Compost takes time to penetrate the soil layer and improve its quality.