Never induce vomiting unless advised by a doctor or paramedic, such as an emergency telephone caller. If the poisoned person is not breathing, is drowsy, restless, or has a seizure, call 118 or local emergency services immediately. Alternatively, contact the BPOM RI Poison Information Center (SIKer) through the Halo BPOM contact center 1500533 and follow the instructions. Note that you should not induce vomiting without an urgent medical reason such as to lose weight.
Method 1 of 3: Seeking Medical Help for Poisoning
Step 1. Immediately contact a poison information center
There is no reason to induce vomiting at home. If you or someone else is poisoned, contact the Halo BPOM Poison Information Center contact center at 1500533. The staff in this service will provide you with instructions for handling poisoning.
- Call this number if you have any questions regarding poisoning and poisoning prevention.
- If you are not in Indonesia, look for a poison information center number in that country, and call immediately. For example, the number you should call in Australia is 13 11 26.
- Poisoning can occur due to chemicals, excessive consumption of drugs, or even excessive consumption of certain foods. If you suspect that you or someone else has been poisoned, don't hesitate to contact a poisoning information center.
Step 2. Follow the guidelines provided by the SIKer staff
The staff may ask you questions about what you have consumed, as well as the symptoms you are experiencing. If they direct you to visit the emergency department, do this immediately.
Again, do not induce vomiting unless you are advised to do so
Step 3. Bring in the packaging of the suspected toxic material
If you suspect a certain substance is causing poisoning, such as a drug, take the package with you as well. This package will provide valuable information for medical staff in handling poisoning victims.
Method 2 of 3: Avoiding Potentially Harmful Ways
Step 1. Avoid emetics unless you are advised to use them
Over-the-counter emetics or emetics should be avoided unless recommended by a doctor as a last resort. For example, Ipekak syrup, which was once commonly used to induce vomiting, is now known to cause complications in the treatment of poisoning. In fact, ipekak is no longer produced for sale freely.
Step 2. Don't drink salt water
Although it is a classic home remedy to induce vomiting, salt water intake poses a risk for poisoning victims. Intake of salt water can push toxic materials further in the digestive tract and accelerate the absorption of toxic materials.
Furthermore, the intake of large amounts of salt water can also cause serious health complications, including death
Step 3. Be careful using other home remedies
Ways to induce vomiting that are widely used include drinking mustard or raw eggs, or eating large amounts of food. In fact, the safety and effectiveness of these methods have not been proven. For example, consuming large amounts of food to induce vomiting can actually accelerate the absorption of toxic substances.
Step 4. Avoid potentially hazardous materials
There are many ingredients that can trigger vomiting but their use is not recommended. These include activated charcoal, atropine, biperiden, diphenhydramine, doxylamine, scopolamine, copper sulfate, bloodrot, lobelia tincture, and hydrogen peroxide.
Method 3 of 3: Further Handling
Step 1. Gargle after vomiting
Your mouth may feel bad after throwing up something. To fix this, gargle with lots of warm water if necessary.
Step 2. Don't brush your teeth
Brushing your teeth immediately after vomiting can damage tooth enamel. This is caused by the presence of stomach acid in the mouth that is carried away from the stomach when you vomit.
Step 3. Continue to follow the guide of the SIKer officer
Do everything that is recommended by the SIKer officer. You may be advised to drink water or delay eating and drinking for a while. If you are advised to go to the hospital immediately, do so, even if you feel that most of the cause of nausea has been vomited up.
- Reasons doctors recommend that you induce vomiting include ingestion of poisonous plants, methanol, antifreeze, certain types of pesticides, or mercury.
- Vomiting may also be recommended by your doctor if you take too much of certain medications such as analgesics, antidepressants, antihistamines, or opiates.
- Finally, your doctor may recommend that you induce vomiting in the event of an allergic reaction to food.