How to Grow Herbras (with Pictures)

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How to Grow Herbras (with Pictures)
How to Grow Herbras (with Pictures)
Anonim

Herbras (gerbera daisy) is a plant with bright, large, colorful flowers. In warmer climates, herbaceous plants can be grown in the garden as a perennial (all year round). However, in colder climates, herbaceous plants can be grown outdoors as seasonal crops. Herbras also grow well in pots. Planting herbs in pots is very easy because you can bring flowers into the house when the weather is cold. The trick to caring for herbaceous plants is to provide the right amount of water for the plant to thrive.

Step

Part 1 of 3: Making Sprouts from Seeds

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 1
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 1

Step 1. Make sprouts indoors in early spring

Herbras cannot be planted outdoors until the frost has cleared and the soil has begun to warm. To get an early start, you can germinate indoors beforehand so the plant is ready to move in late spring or early summer.

Making sprouts early will also ensure the plant blooms the following season

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 2
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 2

Step 2. Fill the nursery tray with ready-to-plant soil

Ready-to-plant soil is a mixture of loose soil with a lighter content than ordinary soil mixture so it is better for making sprouts. Once the trays are filled, use a spray bottle to moisten the soil in each box. You can also make your own ready-to-plant soil medium by mixing the same composition of:

  • Vermiculite
  • pearlite
  • Peat moss
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 3
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 3

Step 3. Plant the seeds

Use the sharp end of a pencil or toothpick to make a hole in the center of the soil in each square. The hole should be about 0.5 cm deep. Insert each seed into the hole with the pointed end facing down. The top of the seed should be just below the soil line. Compact the soil around the hole to cover the soil.

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 4
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 4

Step 4. Water the seeds

Use a spray bottle or small gembor (embrat) to moisten the soil medium and help firm up the seeds. As the seeds germinate, water as needed to keep the soil slightly moist, but not soggy.

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 5
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 5

Step 5. Cover the tray with plastic

You can place a tray lid on top or use a piece of plastic to cover the seedling tray. This cover will keep the seeds warm and keep moisture in the soil while the seeds germinate. You can remove the plastic within 2 to 3 weeks of the seeds starting to germinate.

When the tray is covered with plastic, you don't have to water it too often. However, once the plastic is opened, water it every day to keep the soil moist

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 6
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 6

Step 6. Place the seed tray in a bright place

Choose a bright window sill or other location where the seeds can get 8 hours of indirect sunlight each day. Bright sunlight and a plastic cover will also keep the seeds warm and stimulate germination.

Part 2 of 3: Moving Herbras to the Garden

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 7
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 7

Step 1. Wait for two pairs of herbaceous leaves to grow

After the seeds germinate, the herbaceous seedlings will continue to grow. Herbras seedlings cannot be moved outdoors until two pairs of leaves have grown (four leaves in total), and the soil has begun to warm in late spring or early summer.

Even if the herbaceous saplings already have two pairs of leaves, do not remove them until the winter frost is over

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 8
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 8

Step 2. Choose a location where there is sun in the morning and shade in the afternoon

Herbras are native to South Africa so they tend to dislike temperatures above 21 °C. For this reason, herbs should not be exposed to the hot midday sun. Herbras also like lots of sun so an ideal location is a spot that is bright and sunny in the morning, but protected from direct sunlight during the day.

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 9
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 9

Step 3. Improve soil quality with compost

Herbras are very perishable if exposed to too much liquid. You can improve soil drainage by mixing 5 cm of compost into the garden bed before planting. Compost will enrich the soil and make flowers grow better.

  • In addition to compost, you can also use peat or other organic material.
  • For soils that have a high clay content, improve the quality by adding sand to improve drainage. Otherwise, you can grow herbs in pots.
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 10
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 10

Step 4. Dig a hole for the herbaceous seedlings

Use your hands or a shovel to dig a hole deep enough and wide enough for the herbaceous root tissue. If you plant herbs too deep, the plants will rot. Holes should be spaced about 30 to 46 cm apart to provide adequate airflow between each plant.

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 11
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 11

Step 5. Plant the herbs in the soil

Carefully remove the tillers from the seedling tray and place one tiller in each hole. Cover the root tissue with soil and use your hands to gently press the soil around the roots to secure the herbaceous saplings in place.

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 12
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 12

Step 6. Water the saplings thoroughly to establish them in the soil

Water the soil around the herbs, but don't let the water touch the plants. As the plant grows, water it thoroughly once a week to keep the soil evenly moist, but not soggy. Do not let water get on the flowers or leaves because the plant can rot.

Water the herbs early in the morning so that the remaining water dries up during the day

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 13
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 13

Step 7. Fertilize herbs every month

Herbras require a lot of energy to produce large, beautiful flowers, and you can help them by providing them with nutrients on a regular basis. Fertilize once a month by mixing all-purpose liquid fertilizer into the water before pouring it onto the plants.

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 14
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 14

Step 8. Remove dead buds to stimulate new flower growth

When the herbaceous flowers bloom, watch them carefully so you can cut them off as soon as they start to wilt. Use sterilized shears to cut off dead flowers and leaves. This pruning will stimulate the plant to grow more flowers.

So that you don't have to spend money on flowers, just cut the herbs while the flowers are still fresh and put them in a vase. Flowers placed in water will stay fresh for several days

Part 3 of 3: Growing Herbras In Pots Indoors

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 15
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 15

Step 1. Choose a well-drained container

The most important thing when growing herbs in pots is to choose a container that has plenty of drainage holes. Choose the smallest pot that will hold herbs so you can move the plant outdoors when the weather permits. Growing herbs in these pots is ideal if you:

  • Lives in colder climates with very cold autumn and winter months.
  • Lives in a rainy climate where the plant is exposed to too much water if grown in a garden.
  • Lives in a climate where the relative humidity is often over 65%.
  • Lives in high clay soils with poor drainage.
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 16
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 16

Step 2. Fill the pot with ready-to-plant soil with a light composition

The ideal soil for herbaceous soil is one that is well drained and fertile, such as ready-to-plant soil with a rich mixture of peat, perlite, and vermiculite. Fill the pot then water the soil using a spray bottle.

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 17
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 17

Step 3. Dig up herbs from the garden

If you are transplanting a plant from the garden into a pot for winter, use a shovel to carefully dig up the soil around the herbaceous roots and loosen it from the soil. Once the roots have loosened, hold the plant by the base and gently lift it off the ground.

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 18
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 18

Step 4. Plant the herbs in the pot

Use a shovel to dig a hole in the ground. The hole must be large enough to accommodate the root tissue. Transfer the herbs from the garden or nursery tray (if you are transplanting the seedlings straight away) into a pot and cover the roots with soil. Use your hands to gently compress the soil around the roots.

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 19
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 19

Step 5. Water the plant every 3 to 5 days

Herbras like soil that is evenly moist, but not muddy or wet. The way to test it is by sticking your finger as deep as 2.5 cm into the soil. If the soil feels dry, water the plant thoroughly. If it still feels wet, let it sit for a day or two.

Herbras tend to need less water during the winter, but don't let the soil dry out completely

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 20
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 20

Step 6. Place the pot in a place that gets morning sun

The ideal temperature for herbs is around 21 °C. So, don't put it in direct sunlight. To give it enough light, look for a window that gets a lot of direct morning sunlight, but is shaded during the day, and only gets indirect sunlight in the afternoon.

In the warmer months of spring and summer, you can leave potted herbs outdoors, where there are similar lighting conditions

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 21
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 21

Step 7. Fertilize the plant every month during the growing period

Herbras need additional nutrition in the spring and summer when the plant is actively growing and flowering. Every 30 days, dilute a 15-5-15 fertilizer in water before spraying it on plants.

Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 22
Grow Gerbera Daisies Step 22

Step 8. Cut off the dead flowers

When the flower buds begin to wilt and die, cut them off with clean cuttings. By removing dead flowers, plant energy will be channeled to stimulate the growth of new flowers. You should also trim any leaves and clumps that are starting to wither and turn brown.

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